Humanistic HCI in ACM Interaction
1. HCI reaches out.
"Key examples include the rise of
aesthetics as an approach to user
experience design ; the introduction
of “reflective HCI”  to reposition the
field with a more self-critical stance;
as well as the use of feminist , queer
, and postcolonial  approaches to
2. The humanities reach in.
" As alternatives, Winograd
and Flores introduced Heideggerian
phenomenology, biological accounts
of cognition and language, and
speech act theory to HCI. Offering
an epistemological critique of the
field as a whole and introducing an
alternative epistemological stance are
philosophical activities. It is easy to see
that Winograd and Flores’s seminal
work was in fact humanistic HCI, even
if no one at that time was using the
3. What is Humanistic HCI?
". It is not
the same as digital humanities, which
is humanistic research supported by
digital technologies, and which is by
and large practiced by humanistic
scholars (see, e.g., )."
"Humanistic HCI operates in the
opposite direction: It is HCI research
and practice that is supported by
humanistic practices, theories, and
4. History and tradition
systems are presented with little to
no reference to their own historical
genealogies, and the field itself has no
significant histories beyond a generally
shared sense that HCI has had three
paradigms or waves [13,14]."
" Our expectation
is that interaction design and/or HCI
(whatever their relation is or will
become, exactly) will develop much
more of a historical sensibility in the
5. Conceptual analysis
" During its rise
in the 19th century, science began to
displace philosophy as the knowledge
discipline best able to account for the
world. What was philosophy’s role
in a scientific era? One answer was
that philosophy ceased to provide
doctrines and instead became an
activity directed at the clarification
of thoughts. As the early Ludwig
Wittgenstein wrote, “The object of
philosophy is the logical clarification of thoughts. Philosophy is not a theory
but an activity. A philosophical work
consists essentially of elucidations”
. Philosophy was thus moving away
from producing original systems and
toward the disciplined analysis of the
concepts we think with."
" overall humanistic
dispositions: the attempt to take on a
situation or work that is in some sense
confusing; to do so holistically (rather
than analyzed and operationalized
into well-defined parts); to bring
clarity to it; and to do so in a way that
orients itself toward emancipatory
change (diversely defined)."
Humanistic HCI Practices and Methods
1. Excursus: The expert subject.
2. Interaction criticism.
3. Critical discourse analysis.
" HCI examples of such
critiques include studies of cultural
probes , affective computing ,
and sustainable making ."
4. Critical social science
5. Design futuring.
"These strategies are commonly
deployed in speculative design, critical
design, design fictions, and science
and utopian fiction"
6. Emancipatory HCI.